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Robert Anderson

Male Abt 1739 - 1825  (~ 86 years)


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  • Name Robert Anderson  [1, 2
    Born Abt 1739  Donegal, Ireland Find all individuals with events at this location  [3, 4, 5, 6, 7
    • computed from ae
    Gender Male 
    Died 22 Jul 1825  Botetourt Co., Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location  [8
    • ae 86
    Buried Fincastle Presbyterian Church Cemetery Find all individuals with events at this location  [9
    Notes 
    • Robert Anderson (ca 1740-1825) was the third son of Scotch Presbyterians Robert and Catherine Graham Anderson of Glencross, Rathmullan, County Donegal, Ireland. His forebears had fled to the north of Ireland from Scotland after the defeat and hanging of their leader, James Graham, the Marquess of Montrose in 1650. Robert grew up in his parents' home overlooking the waters of Lough Swilly and emigrated to America in 1755. He lived first in Delaware, where he married Margaret Neeley (Neely). They settled in Botetourt County early in 1770. Their children were: William who lived near Fincastle, John who moved to Kentucky, Robert who moved to Missouri, James, Rebecca who married Ezekiel Howard, Margaret who married Benjamin Denton. Robert's sister Catherine Anderson and her husband John McNutt had settled about 1762 in what is now Rockbridge County while Margaret Neeley Anderson's brothers John and William Neeley were large landowners in Botetourt. In 1803 Robert Anderson visited Ireland to settle his father's estate and brought back with him to Virginia another sister, Mary, and her husband Robert Power, as well as their daughter Rebekah Power Stuart. Robert Anderson's son William had a distinguished career as did William's sons. Robert's grandson Joseph Reid Anderson was a Confederate general as were his great-great nephews, Albert G. Jenkins and Frank Paxton; his great-nephew Alexander G. McNutt was governor of Mississippi, 1838-1848.

      The elder Robert Anderson (1733-1825) came from County Donegal, Ireland to Pennsylvania in 1755 and settled in Delaware, where he married Margaret Neely. In 1769, with their young son William (1764-1839), they followed the lead of Margaret Anderson's brother, William Neely, and settled in the rapidly expanding community along Catawba Creek in the upper Shenandoah Valley of Virginia.. Robert Anderson patented 650 acres on the Catawba in 1772 and settled there, near the present Anderson House. In addition to their well-known elder son, William, the Andersons had several other children, including a son named Robert, Jr. They lived on the farm on Catawba Creek until 1816, when they sold the entire tract to capitalist John Taylor of Washington, D.C. and Richmond County, Virginia, who had developed the adjoining iron works at Brunswick Forge.

      Robert Anderson was born in Glenncross, Rathmullen, Donegal, Ireland about 1739 and grew up overlooking the waters of Lough Swilly. He came to American with his father, Robert, mother, Catherine (Graham) Anderson, and at least one brother in 1755/56, landing at Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Although destined for the Colony of Virginia, they were persuaded otherwise because of Indian uprisings in Virginia and settled temporarily in Delaware.
      Robert's father was born about 1700 in Parish Killagarven, County Donegal, Ireland, where he married Catherine. Researchers think he and his family were sent to America, by the Presbyterian Church, to help evangelize the Colony of Virginia. When they arrived in Philadelphia their sons Robert and David were with them. A daughter Catherine, who married John McNutt, at sea, settled, in about 1762, in what is now Rockbridge County, Virginia. In 1803, Robert Anderson visited Ireland to settle his Father's estate, and brought back with him to Virginia, another sister, Mary, and her husband, Robert Power as well as their daughter Rebekah (Power) Stuart.
      The Anderson's ancestors moved from Scotland to Ireland before 1688. They fled to the north of Ireland from Scotland after the hanging of their leader, James Graham, the Marquis of Montrosee in 1650. Graham is thought to be a near kinsman of Catherine Graham, wife of Robert Anderson. The Andersons and Grahams were among the defenders of Derry in the Revolution of 1688.
      Robert Anderson married Margaret Neely, in Delaware in 1764. To that union was born sons: William, 2 June 1764 in Delaware; Robert; John and James, 1784 in Botetourt County, Virginia; and daughters: Rebecca, who married Ezekiel Howard on 26 April 1791 and Margaret, who married Benjamin Denton.
      On 22 October 1770, a survey was conducted for Robert and Margaret Anderson on 650 acres of land lying on both sides of the Catawba Creek in Boetourt County, Virginia. On 20 June 1772, they received a patent on that tract of land. On 15 March 1786, they sold 104 acres of that original patent to one Robert Harvey, but reserved a small part of low ground on Snodgrass Spring Run on the south side of the Catawba. William Anderson and William Neely witnessed the deed.
      Robert died 22 July 1825 in Botetourt County, Virginia. Margaret (Neely) Anderson, died 26 July 1810. Both are buried on the Presbyterian Church Grounds at Fincastle, Virginia. An enclosed display in the foyer of the Fincastle, Botetourt County, Virginia Presbyterian Church, details the early history of the Robert Anderson Family. The information was furnished by Robert and Margaret's oldest son, William, a Revolutionary War soldier. On 17 June 1973, the Botetourt County, Virginia, Gen. James Breckenridge Chapter, NSDAR, erected a memorial to the Revolutionary War Soldiers and Patriots buried in the Fincastle Presbyterian Cemetery. Both Robert Anderson and his son William are included.

      The father of William was Robert Anderson, who was born in Ireland, County Donegal, about 1733, and died in Virginia July 22, 1825. This Robert (whom we call Robert II since his father back in Donegal was also Robert) emigrated to Pennsylvania in 1755, stopping en route in Spain and in the West Indies. Landing in Philadelphia shortly after Braddock's defeat, he found the inhabitants in a state of consternation lest the colony should be overrun by the French and Indians.
      He settled in Delaware, where after a few years he married Margaret Neely, whose parents resided in that old colony. In 1769, Robert Anderson and his wife, Margaret, with their young son, William (born June 2, 1764), moved from Delaware to Virginia and settled on Catawba Creek in what was still Augusta County, but which became Botetourt the next year.
      The sister of Robert Anderson, Catherine, had previously married John McNutt and lived on a plantation six miles southeast of the present town of Lexington in what formerly had been Orange County, in 1745 had been Augusta County and in 1770 became Botetourt County. ( In 1778 it became Rockbridge County.) Influenced, however, by the fact that his wife's brother, William Neely, had settled farther west in Botetourt, Robert went on to the Catawba Valley, after visiting his sister in her home near present Lexington.
      The father of Robert Anderson II, Robert I, who remained in Ireland, was the husband of Catherine Graham. Tradition told to "the four brothers" by their father, William Anderson, son of Robert II, and by them to my father, showed that Catherine Graham was a close kinswoman of James Montrose, the great marquis.
      Certain it is that her mother, a Graham widow with an infant daughter, had taken refuge in Ulster, Ireland, at the time of the Revolution of 1688. A paternal great-uncle of Robert II took part in the historic "Siege of Derry," or Londonderry, Ireland.
      Robert II, the emigrant, knew and had great respect for his
      grandmother. Reputedly, she never smiled again after the beheading of her husband, who was captured fighting for the marquis. William Anderson knew from his father, Robert II, that William's own great-grandfather Graham had been beheaded when captured! The proud name of Graham continues to this day in the descendants. Our grandfather, Francis Thomas Anderson, recalling this story of the courage of his Graham ancestors, named his place at Fincastle, Montrose, for the marquis. My niece's (Mrs. Fred Stone of Hardy Ford) home in Bedford County has been given the same name.
      Robert Anderson and his wife, Margaret Neely, gladly settled down on their rich plantation on the Catawba not far west of present-day Fincastle and there other children were born.
      It was well known in the family that Robert Anderson II, the emigrant, had brought with him a large bag of coins and gold, which his children may have inherited. Robert's first house was said to have been farther out on the Catawba. His son, William, recalled his father, Robert, as dressed in black, with ruffled shirts, and a queue of hair tied with a black bow.

      June 1772 received 650 acres in Botetourt Co. on the Catawba Creek, adjacent to William Snodgrass and John Neely.

      Will 11 Oct 1815, recorded in court Oc 1825. Mentions sons William, Robert and James. Mentions children of deceased son John, and two daughters, Rebecca Anderson and Margaret Denton. Robert Anderson's wife, Margaret had preceded him in death. Appointed sons William and Robert as executors. Witnessed by Thomas and John Wilson.

      Inventory Oct 1826, revealed bonds with his children intended as advances of the legacies devised to them. One bond to Robert (son or grandson?) and Wm Anderson was due on demand in Jan 1824.

      Wm Anderson had a son named Robert.

      Headstone inscription: Sacred to the memory of Robert Anderson the honored father of William Anderson who departed this life between 8 and 9 o'clock a.m. July 22, 1825 in the 86th year of his age. He had been for many years a consistent member of the Presbyterian Church and appeared much resigned to this dispensation of Divine Providence.

      Robert Anderson, immigrant, son of Robert Anderson of Ireland and Graham. [1, 2, 8, 10, 11, 12, 13]
    Person ID I18073  Mindrum
    Last Modified 4 Nov 2015 

    Father Robert Anderson,   b. Abt 1700, Killagarven, County Donegal, Ireland Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Bef 1803  (Age ~ 102 years) 
    Mother Catherine Graham,   d. Dec  
    Family ID F27111  Group Sheet

    Family Margaret Neely,   b. 1738,   d. 26 Jul 1810  (Age 72 years) 
    Married 1764  Delaware Find all individuals with events at this location  [12
    Children 
     1. William Anderson,   b. 2 Jun 1764, Delaware Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 13 Sep 1839, Walnut Hill, Botetourt, Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 75 years)
     2. Rebecca Anderson,   b. 4 Jun 1766, Botetourt Co., Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 25 Jan 1823, Montgomery Co., Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 56 years)
     3. Margaret Peggy Anderson,   b. 18 Jan 1774, Botetourt Co., Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 26 Jun 1820, Botetourt Co., Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 46 years)
     4. John Anderson,   d. Bef 11 Oct 1815
     5. Robert Anderson, Jr.,   b. by 1775,   d. by 1847  (Age ~ 72 years)
     6. James Anderson,   b. 1784, Botetourt Co., Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Bef 1 Oct 1828, Sangamon Co., Illinois Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age < 44 years)
    Last Modified 7 Aug 2017 
    Family ID F12625  Group Sheet

  • Documents
    Anderson, Robert - Estate settlement, page 1
    Anderson, Robert - Estate settlement, page 1
    Anderson, Robert - Estate settlement, page 2
    Anderson, Robert - Estate settlement, page 2
    Anderson, Robert - Inventory
    Anderson, Robert - Inventory
    Anderson, Robert, land patent, Botetourt Co., Virginia
    Anderson, Robert, land patent, Botetourt Co., Virginia
    Anderson, Robert - Will
    Anderson, Robert - Will
    Anderson, James - Estate Receipts
    Anderson, James - Estate Receipts
    Receipts of estate of James Anderson from brother William Anderson for settlement of their father Robert Anderson's estate
    Anderson, Robert - Will Transcript
    Anderson, Robert - Will Transcript
    Anderson, Robert - Inventory Transcript
    Anderson, Robert - Inventory Transcript

    Headstones
    Anderson, Robert and Margaret Neely
    Anderson, Robert and Margaret Neely
    Anderson, Robert and Margaret Neely
    Anderson, Robert and Margaret Neely

  • Sources 
    1. [S4367] Letter from James Ward, 15 Jun 2015.

    2. [S7877] William Anderson Sons of the American Revolution Membership Application, 27 Feb 1918.

    3. [S8257] Robert Anderson, Dwain Skelton, ca 1739, Glencross, Rathmullen, Donegal.

    4. [S8256] ANDERSONS, Early Members of Fincastle Presbyterian Church who lie buried in the Churchyard (from a plaque in the lobby of Fincastle Presbyterian Church, 2016), ca 1740, Glencross, Rathmullan, County Donegal.

    5. [S4372] Ancestor Search, National Society Daughters of the American Revolution, ca 1740.

    6. [S8243] National Register of Historic Places-United States Department of the Interior-National Park Service--Anderson House-VDHR Site No. 011-0056 and Botetourt Co. Tax No. 71-94--5640 Lee Lane-Haymakertown, Botetourt Co., Virginia-, 1733, County Donegal.

    7. [S8259] The Four Anderson Brothers, Ellen Graham Anderson, ca 1733, County Donegal.

    8. [S7837] Headstone of Robert and Margaret Anderson, Fincastle Presbyterian Church Cemetery, Fincastle, Botetourt, Virginia.

    9. [S6231] www.findagrave.com.

    10. [S8256] ANDERSONS, Early Members of Fincastle Presbyterian Church who lie buried in the Churchyard (from a plaque in the lobby of Fincastle Presbyterian Church, 2016).

    11. [S8243] National Register of Historic Places-United States Department of the Interior-National Park Service--Anderson House-VDHR Site No. 011-0056 and Botetourt Co. Tax No. 71-94--5640 Lee Lane-Haymakertown, Botetourt Co., Virginia-.

    12. [S8257] Robert Anderson, Dwain Skelton.

    13. [S8259] The Four Anderson Brothers, Ellen Graham Anderson.